i-TREASURES USE CASE 4: CONTEMPORARY MUSIC COMPOSITION

The case study of the contemporary music composition aims to develop a novel intangible Musical instrument. This digital music instrument will be a novel Multimodal Human-Machine Interface for the music composition where natural gestures performed in a real-world Environment will be mapped to music/voice segments taking into account the emotional status of the performer. Thus, ‘everyday gestures’ performed in space or surface together with the emotional feedback of the performer, will continuously control the synthesis of music entities. This intangible musical instrument will not be only addressed to experienced performers, musicians, researchers or composers, but also to users without any specific music knowledge. The heritage of the classic composers can this way be available for everyone; it can be better preserved and renewed using natural body and emotional interactions.

The performing arts combine both the communicational (expressions, emotions, etc.) and control aspects (triggering actions, controlling continuous parameters). The performer is both a trigger and transmitter connecting perception, gesture and knowledge. A few years ago, the electronic synthesizer was a revolutionary concept of a new music instrument that was capable of producing sounds by generating electrical signals of different frequencies by pianistic gestures performed on a keyboard. Nowadays, the music production still depends on musical instruments that are based on intermediate and obtrusive mechanism (piano keyboard, violin bow etc). Many years of studies are presupposed in order to obtain a good level to (a) control these mechanisms and (b) read and comprehend a priori defined musical scores. This long learning procedure creates gaps between non-musicians and music. Nowadays, the need of a novel intangible musical instrument, where natural gestures (effective, accompanying and figurative) performed in a real-world environment together with emotions and other stochastic parameters for controlling non-sequential music, is increasing.

UMS 'n JIP's COMMITMENTS

UMS 'n JIP participates actively in the EU project i-Treasures inspired by the UNESCO 2003 Convention of the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). This project focusses inter alia on capturing and analyzing of ICH using facial expression analysis, body and gesture recognition, vocal tract modeling, sound processing, electroencephalography in the matters of singing, performance and music composition. In this context UMS 'n JIP will work on an 'Emotional Brain Mapping'. Its aim is emotional control of musical processes by using realtime EEG-brainwave analysis. The 'Emotional Brain Mapping' research results can potentially be applied as following:

1. Research & medical application
1.a Integrating the results in learning programs related to behaviour pathologies to alleviate deficits of emotional expressivity (e.g. autism)
1.b Using them to eventually reactivate/use basic/archaic emotional paths with coma patients (awakening)
1.c Enabling emotional communication with locked-in-patients or similar

2. Music
2.a Supporting the development of an instrument enabling both a focussed conciousness and learning of emotional expressions and its application in contemporary music composition and performing both traditional and contemporary music
2.b Applying the scientific results concerning non-verbal communication for a conscious use of music as a medium of intercultural communication

3. Communication
Acquire scientific knowledge concerning non-verbal communication in different cultural areas and use them to develop both new methods of communication training and interfaces for intercultural communication

 

UMS 'n JIP beteiligt sich aktiv am EU-Projekt i-Treasures, das aus der UNESCO 2003 Konvention über die Erhaltung des Immateriellen Kulturerbes (IKE/Intangible Cultural Heritage ICH) hervorgegangen ist. Dieses Projekt fokussiert sich unter anderem auf die Erfassung und Analyse von IKE mittels Untersuchung fazialer Ausdrucksformen, Körperausdruck und Gestik, Stimmeinsatz und -Modellierung, Klangbearbeitung und Elektroenzephalographie (EEG) in den Bereichen Gesang, Performance und Komposition.
In diesem Rahmen arbeitet UMS 'n JIP in seinem Forschungsprojekt 'i-Treasures Research' an einem 'Emotional Brain Mapping'. Dieses hat zum Ziel, musikalische Prozesse mittels Echtzeit-Hirnstrom-Analysen über Emotionen gezielt steuern zu können. Die potentiellen Anwendungen der Forschungsergebnisse dieses 'Emotional Brain Mapping's' lassen sich in drei Gruppen einteilen:

1. Forschung & medizinische Applikationen
1.a Integration in Lernprogramme bei Verhaltenspathologien zur Linderung von Defiziten emotionaler Expressivität (zB. Autismus)
1.b Verwendung zur eventuellen Wiederaktivierung/Nutzung primitiver/archaischer emotionaler Bahnen bei Koma-Patienten (awakening)
1.c Ermöglichung von emotionaler Kommunikation mit locked-in-Patienten u.Ä..

2. Musik
2.a Unterstützung bei der Entwicklung eines Instrumentes zum gezielten Bewusstwerden und Erlernen des emotionalen Ausdrucks und dessen Nutzung in der Komposition und Interpretation traditioneller und zeitgenössischer Musik
2.b Durch Einbezug der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse zur nonverbalen Kommunikation bewusster Einsatz der Musik als Medium der interkulturellen Kommunikation

3. Kommunikationstechnik
Erfassen wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse zur nonverbalen Kommunikation in verschiedenen Kulturkreisen und deren Nutzung zur Entwicklung neuer Methoden von Kommunikationstraining und zur Erarbeitung interkultureller Schnittstellen in der Kommunikation

i-TREASURES USE CASE 4: CONTEMPORARY MUSIC COMPOSITION - EXAMPLE 1 (COMMON BRAIN)

Leontios Hadjileontiadis/Common Brain, 2013 (op. 86)
for male voice, sopranino and subbass recorders in F,
spring drum, two EEG Epoc Emotiv and live electronics
commissioned by UMS 'n JIP
live video/visuals by Jose Javier Navarro Lucas

world premiere: Basel (Switzerland), Gare du Nord, 14/MAR/2013

Common Brain. The work is based on the construction of a "common brain" in a bilateral perception; the one that is being shared and the one that does not deviate from the norm. Starting from the point of existence (through the understanding of breathing), the multi-layering proliferation of the neurons is developed, followed by the network-activation, text-training, external-stimulation reaction and, final, emotional responsiveness. The performers participate in a formation of the sound-scape with the real-time acquisition of their encephalogram and its transform to sound material, creating an experiential perception of the "common brain" in many different aspects of its development and formation. The experiential stochasticity brings the "sound liquidness" and continuous de/construction to the foreground, making them as basic structural ingredients of the dynamically produced composition in an alternative perspective, that of the, so called, Biomusic.

text: Fernando Pessoa ("Crónica da vida que passa…" 5 de Abril 1915, I.)

photos: link
samples (audio & video): link

 

 
ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI (AUTH)

In this research project, AUTH is represented by the Signal Processing and Biomedical Technology Unit (SPBTU) of the Telecommunications Laboratory of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (E&CE). The SPBTU serves educational and research needs of the E&CE Department and its main scientific areas of interest include the acquisition, processing, and pattern analysis of biomedical data. Over the years, the unit has conducted and published extensive research on the development of advanced signal and image processing techniques with applications in several fields of biomedical engineering such as electromyogram (EMG)/electroencephalogram (EEG) processing, respiratory/cardiac sounds processing, endoscopic/ magnetic resonance image analysis, brain computer interfaces, music perception, biomusic, and affective computing.

The SPBTU has also attracted funds from state and private bodies for several research projects targeting mainly at assisting people with disabilities, i.e., SmartEyes (a mobile navigation system for the blind) and Sign2Talk (a mobile system for the conversion of sign language to speech, and vice versa, for the deaf). The three faculty members and the three current doctoral students of the unit have a strong background in experiment design, biomedical data recordings, signal and image processing algorithms, and machine learning.
LEONTIOS HADJILEONTIADIS / composer

Leontios J. Hadjileontiadis was born in Kastoria, Greece in 1966. He received the Diploma degree in Electrical Engineering in 1989 and the Ph.D. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1997, both from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Since December 1999 he joined the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece as a faculty member, where he is currently an Associate Professor, working on lung sounds, heart sounds, bowel sounds, ECG data compression, seismic data analysis and crack detection in the Signal Processing and Biomedical Technology Unit of the Telecommunications Laboratory. His research interests are in higher-order statistics, alpha-stable distributions, higher-order zero crossings, wavelets, polyspectra, fractals, neuro-fuzzy modeling for medical, mobile and digital signal processing applications. Dr. Hadjileontiadis is a member of the Technical Chamber of Greece, of the IEEE, of the Higher-Order Statistics Society, of the International Lung Sounds Association, and of the American College of Chest Physicians. He was the recipient of the second award at the Best Paper Competition of the ninth Panhellenic Medical Conference on Thorax Diseases‘97, Thessaloniki. He was also an open finalist at the Student paper Competition (Whitaker Foundation) of the IEEE EMBS‘97, Chicago, IL, a finalist at the Student Paper Competition (in memory of Dick Poortvliet) of the MEDICON‘98, Lemesos, Cyprus, and the recipient of the Young Scientist Award of the twenty-fourth International Lung Sounds Conference‘99, Marburg, Germany. In 2004, 2005 and 2007 he organized and served as a mentor to three five student teams that have ranked as third, second and seventh worldwide, respectively, at the Imagine Cup Competition (Microsoft), Sao Paulo, Brazil (2004)/Yokohama, Japan (2005)/ Seoul, Korea (2007), with projects involving technology-based solutions for people with disabilities. Dr. Hadjileontiadis also holds a Ph.D. degree in music composition (University of York, UK, 2004) and he is currently a Professor in composition at the State Conservatory of Thessaloniki, Greece.

UMS 'n JIP / performers, audio programming

_UMS 'n JIP
_Swiss Contemporary Music Duo
_voice, recorder & electronics
_Ulrike Mayer-Spohn
_Javier Hagen

commissioning, composing and performing contemporary music
scientific, technical and artistic research

More than 600 concerts all over the world, over 150 commissioned works, 6 chamber operas, 11 international awards since its foundation in 2007, guest lectures and masterclasses at the universities of Shanghai, Hong Kong, Adelaide, Basel, Riga, Moscow, Istanbul and many more, UMS 'n JIP is yet one of the most active and experienced contemporary music ensembles nowadays. Due to their collaboration with Greek composer and neuroscientist Leontios Hadjileontiadis while the Greece Project 2012, they have been invited to participate in i-Treasures as experts for composing, performing and programming contemporary music as well as for scientific research concerning EEG brain maps. more

UMS ´N JIP/jh